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Oral Pathology

Examining mouth

Oral pathology involves diagnosing and treating diseases of the mouth such as cysts, tumors, and precancerous and cancerous lesions.  Many patients experience unusual changes in the mouth, teeth, gums, tongue, or throat that may be caused by disease.  Diagnosing diseases in the mouth as early as possible is very important.  The earlier a disease is diagnosed, the faster treatment and healing can begin.

What can I expect during the exam?

Your doctor may perform a number of tests or exams to determine what is causing the symptoms you are experiencing and diagnose the disease.  Usually, biopsy or tissue removal is the best way to determine a diagnosis as the sample is sent to a laboratory for analysis.

How will I be treated?

Treatments vary depending on the type of disease that is present.  Each patient’s needs will be addressed on a case-by-case basis in order to achieve the best results.  Our office is dedicated to making any procedure performed as comfortable as possible.

Dr. Obradovic works closely with Linda Hayes who performs thermal imaging to help in early oral cancer detection.

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Occlusal Adjustment

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Occlusal, or bite, adjustment is a procedure performed to remove tiny interferences that keep teeth from coming together properly.  These interferences can prevent the jaw from closing in its anatomically correct position.  Interferences can develop as teeth develop, can occur following an accident, or they can accumulate over time with wear.  Dental work such as fillings, crowns, bridges, and extractions can also cause interferences.

Interferences can prevent the jaw from fully sliding into its anatomically correct position.  This means that the muscles of the jaw and neck are never able to fully relax.  This may result in severe headaches and neck aches.  Many develop bruxism, or teeth grinding, as their jaw seeks its natural position.  Bruxism can cause bone loss, tooth loss, and receding gums.  Overtime, patients may develop tempromandibular joint issues, or TMJ, if they go untreated.

How can I know if my bite is “off”?

During your examination, your doctor will examine your jaw closely and may notice symptoms that your bite may be off.  Some symptoms include if the jaw does not open evenly on both sides, if the jaw makes a clicking noise as it opens, if the enamel has been ground away in certain areas, or if there are fractured teeth.  Chronic symptoms of bruxism, headaches or neck aches, are also clues that the bite may be off.

How is my bite fixed?

Before the procedure begins, the doctor will have you bite on a very thin piece of mylar paper.  The mylar paper transfers color to the areas where contact occurs.  The doctor will then smooth the area where the marks have been left removing just enough of the tooth or restoration to eliminate the interference.  This process will be done on all areas where the mylar paper left color on the tooth until the jaw is able to get into its normal position.

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Implant-Supported Dentures

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Dentures supported by implants differ from traditional implants in that they are anchored to your mouth with dental implants. Because they are secured to the implants, dentures supported by implants offer more stability than traditional dentures that sit on the gums and are removed nightly for cleaning. This stability decreases the chances of an embarrassing situation occurring from dentures coming loose and sliding around in the mouth. Traditional dentures are also infamously bulky and can complicate eating and impact your speech. Implant supported dentures; however, are snapped into place using the implant to fortify them. Dentures feel more secure and maintenance is easier, as you no longer need to fuss with adhesives or denture paste. Dr. Valentina Obradovic, a San Diego dental professional, offers implants and dentures supported by implants at Adriatic Dental.

There are two types of dentures supported by implants: bar-retained dentures and ball-retained dentures.

Bar-Retained Dentures

Bar-retained dentures need a minimum of three implants surgically placed in the gums. The denture is fastened to a metal bar that runs along the gum line. The denture sits on the metal bar, affixed with clips or some other kind of attachment. Many patients report less discomfort and rubbing than with traditional dentures.

Ball-Retained Dentures

Ball-retained dentures, also called stud attachment dentures, employ a ball-and-socket design to attach dentures to implants in the gums. With ball-retained dentures supported by implants, Dr. Obradovic fits the denture with sockets and places the ball on top of the implants, allowing the denture and implants to be snapped together in the sections where they meet. Ball-retained dentures are exceptionally secure and can be used for an open upper jaw denture.

If you would like to learn more about dentures supported by implants at Adriatic Dental, a San Diego dental practice, call Dr. Obradovic.

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Dentures

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Tightest fitting dentures anywhere!

Dentures are replacements for missing teeth that can be taken out and put back into your mouth. Here at Adriatic Dental, we can create and fit dentures so they’ll look great and function properly for you. There’s no need to put off a visit to our San Marcos dental office to inquire about dentures; today’s dentures are natural looking and more comfortable than ever. Even with these advances, dentures do take some getting used to, and will never feel exactly the same as one’s natural teeth. We can help you during this transition period to understand how your dentures will function and what you can expect.

There are two main types of dentures: full and partial. Dr. Obradovic will help you choose the type of denture that’s best for you based on whether some or all of your teeth are going to be replaced and the cost involved.

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Composite Fillings

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Composite fillings are just one of the many top-of-the-line cosmetic dentistry services Dr. Valentina Obradovic offers at Adriatic Dental. Although composite fillings can be used to restore function as well as appearance, many patients ultimately choose this type of cosmetic dentistry procedure for aesthetic reasons. Traditional fillings are much more conspicuous than composites because they are constructed from metals like silver and gold. The metal fillings can become visible when a person laughs or smiles. Fortunately for cosmetic dentistry patients in San Marcos, advances in dental techniques and the utilization of new materials has greatly expanded the services available in cosmetic dentistry.

Advantages of Composite Fillings in Cosmetic Dentistry

Composite fillings offer the advantage of discretion as well as versatility. Unlike traditional metal fillings with their telltale silvery glint, composites are fashioned from a glass and plastic mixture that allows them to blend in seamlessly with the tooth. This chameleon-like quality makes composites an obvious choice when it comes to restoring the front teeth.

Traditional fillings are still frequently used, particularly when patients need tooth restoration in the back of the mouth. Fillings placed in the back of the mouth must be extremely robust to handle the increased bite pressure in this region. This is not to say that composite fillings cannot be used in the back of the mouth; they are also extremely strong, so Dr. Obradovic can use them for both functional and cosmetic dentistry purposes. That being said, metal fillings are still favored for the back of the mouth because they are less costly than composites. Most patients elect to invest in that money in the front fillings where they are more inclined to stand out.

Placing Composite Fillings

The process for placing composite fillings is very similar to traditional fillings. After Dr. Obradovic numbs the tooth and surrounding area to minimize any discomfort during the procedure, she will proceed to do the following:

1. Apply the composite in layers, using a light after each application to expedite hardening.
2. Shape the composite to fit each tooth.
3. Polish the composite to prevent early wear and staining.

If you would like to learn more about composite fillings and other treatment options in cosmetic dentistry, the San Marcos office is just a phone call away!

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Teeth Whitening

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If you are serious about attaining your whitest, brightest, and most beautiful smile, it’s time to drop the at-home whitening trays and schedule a cosmetic dentistry treatment with Dr. Valentina Obradovic at Adriatic Dental. Like many patients, you may be tempted by the low cost and convenience of a store bought whitening products, but with cosmetic dentistry in San Marcos, you can receive more predictable results.

Don’t Believe the Hype!

Many ads and companies claim that their at-home whitening products can achieve the same results as an in-office cosmetic dentistry treatment, but unless you’re interested in investing several costly weeks of treatments, dealing with cumbersome mouth trays, and achieving relatively limited shade improvements, then consider the revolutionary, safe, and easy “One-Hour Rembrandt®” process available at Adriatic Dental.

Want Results Fast? Try Adriatic Dental’s Rembrandt® One-Hour ’Perfect Smile’ Whitening Process

If you can spare an hour, we can transform your smile. Dr. Obradovic uses the Rembrandt® One-Hour ’Perfect Smile’ Whitening Process to help patients achieve dramatic results. Patients see results through cosmetic dentistry at San Marco; after the Rembrandt® One-Hour ’Perfect Smile’ Whitening Process is complete, most patients will see a difference of about eight to 10 shades lighter on average. Unlike many at-home treatments, most patients do not experience any discomfort or sensitivity during this particular cosmetic dentistry procedure.

Why the Disparity?

Why is there such a discrepancy between at-home whitening treatments and the results you can achieve through cosmetic dentistry at the San Marcos office?

At the end of the day, the difference comes down to numbers. Dr. Obradovic and other dental professionals use products with significantly stronger bleaching agents than can be obtained in any over-the-counter product. The difference can range anywhere from 15 to 43 percent (for dental professional products) compared with 10 to 22% percent (for over-the-counter product whitening products).

Results May Vary!

Although Adriatic Dental’s in-office whitening treatment typically produces excellent results, every patient is different. There are factors that can change the success of your teeth whitening such as age, coffee, tea, or smoking. Other factors that can detrimentally affect your results include periodontal disease and worn enamel.

If you would like to learn more about cosmetic dentistry in San Marcos, CA, call and schedule a teeth whitening consultation with Dr. Obradovic.

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Porcelain Veneers

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If you want straight, white, natural looking teeth without the use of braces or surgery, you may want to consider porcelain veneers. Porcelain veneers can resolve a variety of cosmetic dental issues and dramatically improve the look of your smile. At Adriatic Dental, Dr. Valentina Obradovic specializes in cosmetic dentistry in San Marcos, CA and can usually complete a porcelain veneers procedure in just three visits.

What are Porcelain Veneers?

Veneers are constructed out of ultra-thin shells of tooth-colored material that are custom-made to fit each tooth they are placed over. Dr. Obradovic bonds these shells to the surface of the teeth, allowing her to significantly alter the color, shape, length, or size. Porcelain veneers offer a few advantages over other types of veneers and cosmetic dentistry procedures, such as their ability to reflect light in a way that mimics real teeth. This gives them a more natural look. In addition, their material gives them extra stain resistance. All veneers usually need to be replaced after eight to 10 years.

Am I a Good Candidate for Porcelain Veneers?

Porcelain veneers can be used to rectify several different cosmetic dentistry concerns. If you are ineligible for surgery or simply do not wish to undergo a more invasive procedure, porcelain veneers may be the ideal solution for helping you achieve the beautiful smile you desire.

Depending on your individual situation, Dr. Obradovic may recommend porcelain veneers as an alternative to braces or surgery if you have one or more of the cosmetic dentistry issues below:

• Wear and Tear
• Worn Enamel
• Uneven Teeth
• Stains and Discoloration
• Dissimilarity in Contour or Color
• Genetic

All types of patients may qualify for porcelain veneers, but smokers and patients with weak teeth will not be eligible. In addition, those with gum disease, missing teeth, decay, or patients who require major orthodontic work may require other treatments prior to the placement of their porcelain veneers.

Before porcelain veneers can be replaced, some of your teeth’s natural enamel must be removed to make room for it. Since this is permanent, Dr. Obradovic may suggest alternative forms of treatment if your teeth are still functioning adequately.

To learn more about porcelain veneers and cosmetic dentistry in San Marcos, please schedule a consultation today.